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padhead
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PostPosted: Sat Jul 09, 2005 7:12 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

For me the new version doesn't work, i made the initrd with genkernel, and then came the error that linuxrc wasn't found. shouldn't genkernel make the linuxrc in the new version? and today came out a new version of genkernel, 3.2.0.
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kri5th
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PostPosted: Sat Jul 09, 2005 7:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thank you gieltje for the quick response. I'll take a look at your wiki in the next week.
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padhead
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 11, 2005 8:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

i installed genkernel 3.2.0 and now i get this:

genkernel all --no-bootsplash --no-clean
/usr/bin/genkernel: line 26: /usr/share/genkernel/gen_bootloader.sh: Datei oder Verzeichnis nicht gefunden
* ERROR: Could not read /usr/share/genkernel/gen_bootloader.sh

* -- Grepping log... --

SCSI generic support (CHR_DEV_SG) [Y/n/m/?] y
*
* Some SCSI devices (e.g. CD jukebox) support multiple LUNs
*
Probe all LUNs on each SCSI device (SCSI_MULTI_LUN) [N/y/?] n
Verbose SCSI error reporting (kernel size +=12K) (SCSI_CONSTANTS) [N/y/?] n
--
CC [M] drivers/usb/core/sysfs.o
CC [M] drivers/usb/core/hcd-pci.o
CC [M] drivers/usb/core/devio.o
CC [M] drivers/scsi/aha1542.o
In Datei, eingefügt von drivers/scsi/aha1542.c:43:
include/linux/mca-legacy.h:12:2: Warnung: #warning "MCA legacy - please move your driver to the new sysfs api"
--
* Do NOT report kernel bugs as genkernel bugs unless your bug
* is about the default genkernel configuration...
*
* Make sure you have the latest genkernel before reporting bugs.

* ERROR: Could not read /usr/share/genkernel/gen_bootloader.sh
--
* Report any genkernel bugs to bugs.gentoo.org and
* assign your bug to genkernel@gentoo.org. Please include
* as much information as you can in your bug report; attaching
* /var/log/genkernel.log so that your issue can be dealt with effectively.
*
* Please do *not* report compilation failures as genkernel bugs!
*

* ERROR: Could not read /usr/share/genkernel/gen_bootloader.sh
--
* Report any genkernel bugs to bugs.gentoo.org and
* assign your bug to genkernel@gentoo.org. Please include
* as much information as you can in your bug report; attaching
* /var/log/genkernel.log so that your issue can be dealt with effectively.
*
* Please do *not* report compilation failures as genkernel bugs!
*

* ERROR: Could not read /usr/share/genkernel/gen_bootloader.sh

* -- End log... --

* Please consult /var/log/genkernel.log for more information and any
* errors that were reported above.

* Report any genkernel bugs to bugs.gentoo.org and
* assign your bug to genkernel@gentoo.org. Please include
* as much information as you can in your bug report; attaching
* /var/log/genkernel.log so that your issue can be dealt with effectively.
*
* Please do *not* report compilation failures as genkernel bugs!
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daybyter
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 11, 2005 8:13 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Use genkernel 3.2.1 and _this_ problem should be solved...
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padhead
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 11, 2005 11:56 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

i now installed genkernel 3.2.1 and the installation of the kernel was ok, but when i start the iso in vmware there is a problem with the initrd that genkernel generated. the whole programs /bin/tar, /bin/sh ... are not recognized and are not found. what can i do? the deprecated method went good for me
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BigBeer
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 11, 2005 1:58 pm    Post subject: fail to umount filessystems on shutdown Reply with quote

Well I made my livecd and it is great.

The only problem I am having is on shutdown or reboot.

I get many erros about not being able to unmount any of the tmpfs filessystems and I have to press Ctrl-D to continue the shutdown/reboot process.

The only thing I have changed is making /dev rw in addition to 'defaults' in fstab.
Here is my fstab:
Code:


/dev/loop0              /               squashfs        ro,defaults             0 0
none                    /proc           proc            defaults                0 0
none                    /dev/shm        tmpfs           rw,defaults                0 0
//ntinstall/install     /z              smbfs           username=unattended,password=**** 0 0




Here is my linuxrc:

Code:


# Mount root and create read-write directories
mount -t squashfs -o loop /cdrom/files/source.img /new > /dev/null 2>&1
mount -t tmpfs -o size=32m none /new/var > /dev/null 2>&1
mount -t tmpfs -o size=32m none /new/etc > /dev/null 2>&1
mount -t tmpfs -o size=32m none /new/tmp > /dev/null 2>&1
mount -t tmpfs -o size=32m none /new/root > /dev/null 2>&1
cd /new/var && tar xpf /cdrom/files/var.tar > /dev/null 2>&1
cd /new/etc && tar xpf /cdrom/files/etc.tar > /dev/null 2>&1
cd /new/root && tar xpf /cdrom/files/root.tar > /dev/null 2>&1
mount -t tmpfs -o size=32m none /new/c > /dev/null 2>&1




My appoligies if something like this has already been answered in the thread.

--BigBeer
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kri5th
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 11, 2005 3:53 pm    Post subject: Home mount Reply with quote

Hi,
finally i resolve my problem with this script into the /etc/init.d directory inside chroot enviroment
Quote:

filename: mnt-dir

#!/sbin/runscript

depend() {
need localmount
}

start() {
ebegin "Mounting /home/kri5th/"
# Set up user home directory
mount -t tmpfs -o size=16m none /home/kri5th > /dev/null 2>&1
cd /home/kri5th && tar xpf /newroot/cdrom/files/kri5th.tar > /dev/null 2>&1
eend ${?}
}

stop() {
ebegin "Umounting /home/kri5th/"
cd / > /dev/null 2>&1
umount /home/kri5th > /dev/null 2>&1
eend ${?}
}

then i add them to default runlevel (rc-update add mnt-dir default)
my build script look like this
Quote:

#!/bin/bash
rm -rf target
mkdir target
cp -a source/boot target/
cp -a isolinux target/
mkdir target/files
rm -rf source/var/tmp/*
rm -rf source/var/run/*
rm -rf source/var/lock/*
rm -rf source/tmp/*
rm -f source/etc/mtab
touch source/etc/mtab
cd source/etc/
tar cvpf ../../target/files/etc.tar * .[[:alnum:]]*
cd ../var/
tar cvpf ../../target/files/var.tar * .[[:alnum:]]*
cd ../root/
tar cvpf ../../target/files/root.tar * .[[:alnum:]]*
cd ../home/kri5th
tar cvpf ../../../target/files/kri5th.tar * .[[:alnum:]]*
cd ../../../
mksquashfs source/ target/files/source.img -e usr/src usr/portage
mkisofs -R -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -iso-level 4 -hide boot.catalog -o ~/li$


This works fine for me...
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TheJackal
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 19, 2005 3:24 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi everyone!

I'm having some serious problems with creating a LiveCD with the instructions from the Gentoo WiKi/This thread....:(

I'm using the 2.4.x gentoo-sources as some 3rd part kernel modules will only work with the 2.4 Kernel. I've followed ALL the steps to create the LiveCD and I've used "genkernel" to create the initrd image but when I try to boot from the ISO image, it loads the kernel and then spits out this error when trying to run the "linuxrc" script :

http://www.navero.co.uk/misc/livecd_error1.jpg

I've also tried to use "init=/bin/sh" for debugging purposes but I get this error :

http://www.navero.co.uk/misc/livecd_error2.jpg
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padhead
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 20, 2005 11:06 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

yes, i have the same problems using a 2.6.12-gentoo-r4 kernel. it seems that the initrd is not valid. and i can not mount to check what is in the initrd, it gaves me always an error that it doesn't recognize the filesystem. i tried to mount it with mount -o loop initrd /mnt/initrd. can anyone help?
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Riklaunim
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 20, 2005 11:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

get slax livecd-tools http://www.linux-live.org/, use a 2.6.12.2 kernel and you can create your iso with one command :) I've tested it and it made arch and suse livecd from normal daily used installs :) link: http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?t=13949
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caruso
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PostPosted: Sat Jul 23, 2005 2:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hey everyone!

First of all, thanx for great how to. Second, i had problem :D with udev:
/bin/bash: udev: No such file or directory. What's wrong? I had set init=/bin/bash, when it's set to linuxrc it doesn't work too.
[solved] but i have an another problem:
now, booting is ok but i gen only clean bash :? when i want run manually /sbin/init 3 it's complain about not existing initctl...
[solved]
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Last edited by caruso on Sun Jul 24, 2005 8:10 pm; edited 1 time in total
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gieltje
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 24, 2005 10:41 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

TheJackal wrote:
Hi everyone!

I'm having some serious problems with creating a LiveCD with the instructions from the Gentoo WiKi/This thread....:(

I'm using the 2.4.x gentoo-sources as some 3rd part kernel modules will only work with the 2.4 Kernel. I've followed ALL the steps to create the LiveCD and I've used "genkernel" to create the initrd image but when I try to boot from the ISO image, it loads the kernel and then spits out this error when trying to run the "linuxrc" script :

http://www.navero.co.uk/misc/livecd_error1.jpg

I've also tried to use "init=/bin/sh" for debugging purposes but I get this error :

http://www.navero.co.uk/misc/livecd_error2.jpg


First of all use one guide or the other, my guide is more dedicated to genkernel. I believe your error has something to do with an faulty grub configuration or livecd.squashfs is in the wrong place. (I just updated my build scripts again, minor modifications though). And you are probably using an old genkernel (I had the unable to create stuff to in 3.2.8 it is fixed in 3.2.10).

See http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_build_a_LiveCD_from_scratch#Installing_Gentoo and the building part.
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bkunlimited
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 27, 2005 2:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i tried to follow this guide and i have a problem when chrooting into livecd/source directory:

Code:
btn1xd source # chroot . /bin/bash --login
chroot: cannot run command `/bin/bash': Permission denied


does anyone have an idea what the problem could be?

FYI:

Code:
Portage 2.0.51.22-r2 (default-linux/x86/2005.0, gcc-3.3.5-20050130, glibc-2.3.5-r0, 2.6.12-gentoo-r4 i686)
=================================================================
System uname: 2.6.12-gentoo-r4 i686 Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 3.40GHz
Gentoo Base System version 1.6.13
dev-lang/python:     2.3.5
sys-apps/sandbox:    1.2.10
sys-devel/autoconf:  2.13, 2.59-r6
sys-devel/automake:  1.4_p6, 1.5, 1.6.3, 1.7.9-r1, 1.8.5-r3, 1.9.5
sys-devel/binutils:  2.15.92.0.2-r10
sys-devel/libtool:   1.5.18-r1
virtual/os-headers:  2.6.11-r2
ACCEPT_KEYWORDS="x86"
AUTOCLEAN="yes"
CBUILD="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CFLAGS="-O3 -march=pentium4 -fomit-frame-pointer -pipe"
CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CONFIG_PROTECT="/etc /usr/kde/2/share/config /usr/kde/3.4/env /usr/kde/3.4/share/config /usr/kde/3.4/shutdown /usr/kde/3/share/config /usr/lib/X11/xkb /usr/share/config /usr/share/texmf/dvipdfm/config/ /usr/share/texmf/dvips/config/ /usr/share/texmf/tex/generic/config/ /usr/share/texmf/tex/platex/config/ /usr/share/texmf/xdvi/ /var/qmail/control"
CONFIG_PROTECT_MASK="/etc/gconf /etc/splash /etc/terminfo /etc/env.d"
CXXFLAGS="-O3 -march=pentium4 -fomit-frame-pointer -pipe"
DISTDIR="/usr/portage/distfiles"
FEATURES="autoconfig distlocks sandbox sfperms strict"
GENTOO_MIRRORS="http://distfiles.gentoo.org http://distro.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/distributions/gentoo"
LINGUAS="de"
MAKEOPTS="-j3"
PKGDIR="/usr/portage/packages"
PORTAGE_TMPDIR="/var/tmp"
PORTDIR="/usr/portage"
SYNC="rsync://rsync.de.gentoo.org/gentoo-portage"
USE="x86 X a52 aac alsa apache2 apm avi berkdb bitmap-fonts cdr crypt cups curl directfb divx divx4linux dts dvd dvdread emboss encode esd fam fame firefox foomaticdb fortran gif gpm gtk gtk2 imagemagick imlib ipv6 java jpeg junit kde libg++ libwww mad mikmod mjpeg mmx mmx2 motif mp3 mpeg mysql ncurses nls nptl nvidia ogg oggvorbis opengl oss pam pdflib perl php png python qt quicktime readline samba sdl spell sse sse2 ssl tcpd tetex theora tiff truetype truetype-fonts type1-fonts usb userlocales vorbis win32codecs xine xml2 xmms xv xvid zlib linguas_de userland_GNU kernel_linux elibc_glibc"
Unset:  ASFLAGS, CTARGET, LANG, LC_ALL, LDFLAGS, PORTDIR_OVERLAY


EDIT: btw, i tried it on a second gentoo machine and it works there... emerge info of that machine is:
Code:
Portage 2.0.51.22-r1 (default-linux/x86/2005.0, gcc-3.4.4, glibc-2.3.5-r0, 2.6.11-gentoo-r5 i686)
=================================================================
System uname: 2.6.11-gentoo-r5 i686 Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 2.40GHz
Gentoo Base System version 1.6.12
dev-lang/python:     2.3.4-r1, 2.4.1-r1
sys-apps/sandbox:    1.2.10
sys-devel/autoconf:  2.13, 2.59-r7
sys-devel/automake:  1.4_p6, 1.5, 1.6.3, 1.7.9-r1, 1.8.5-r3, 1.9.5
sys-devel/binutils:  2.16.1
sys-devel/libtool:   1.5.18-r1
virtual/os-headers:  2.6.11-r2
ACCEPT_KEYWORDS="x86"
AUTOCLEAN="yes"
CBUILD="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CFLAGS="-O3 -march=pentium4 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CONFIG_PROTECT="/etc /usr/kde/2/share/config /usr/kde/3.3/env /usr/kde/3.3/share/config /usr/kde/3.3/shutdown /usr/kde/3/share/config /usr/lib/X11/xkb /usr/lib/mozilla/defaults/pref /usr/share/config /usr/share/texmf/dvipdfm/config/ /usr/share/texmf/dvips/config/ /usr/share/texmf/tex/generic/config/ /usr/share/texmf/tex/platex/config/ /usr/share/texmf/xdvi/ /var/qmail/control"
CONFIG_PROTECT_MASK="/etc/gconf /etc/splash /etc/terminfo /etc/env.d"
CXXFLAGS="-O3 -march=pentium4 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
DISTDIR="/usr/portage/distfiles"
FEATURES="autoconfig distlocks sandbox sfperms strict"
GENTOO_MIRRORS="http://distfiles.gentoo.org http://distro.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/distributions/gentoo"
LC_ALL="de_DE@euro"
MAKEOPTS="-j2"
PKGDIR="/usr/portage/packages"
PORTAGE_TMPDIR="/var/tmp"
PORTDIR="/usr/portage"
PORTDIR_OVERLAY="/usr/local/portage"
SYNC="rsync://rsync.gentoo.org/gentoo-portage"
USE="x86 X a52 aac alsa apache2 apm avi berkdb bitmap-fonts cdr crypt cups curl directfb divx divx4linux dvd dvdread emboss encode esd fam fame firefox flac foomaticdb fortran gdbm gif gpm gtk2 imagemagick imlib ipv6 java jpeg junit kde libg++ libwww mad mikmod mjpeg mmx mmx2 motif mozilla mp3 mpeg mysql ncurses nls ogg oggvorbis opengl oss pam pdflib perl php png postgres python qt quicktime readline samba sdl spell sqlite sse sse2 ssl svga tcltk tcpd tetex theora tiff truetype truetype-fonts type1-fonts usb vhosts vorbis win32codecs xine xml xml2 xmms xv xvid zlib userland_GNU kernel_linux elibc_glibc"
Unset:  ASFLAGS, CTARGET, LANG, LDFLAGS, LINGUAS
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caruso
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 27, 2005 3:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

bkunlimited wrote:
i tried to follow this guide and i have a problem when chrooting into livecd/source directory:

Code:
btn1xd source # chroot . /bin/bash --login
chroot: cannot run command `/bin/bash': Permission denied


does anyone have an idea what the problem could be?


Yes. You have mounted partition with "user" or "noexec". Try mount -l. Check your /etc/fstab.
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 28, 2005 6:51 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

thanks a lot! it was mounted with 'user'. now it works
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padhead
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 31, 2005 5:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i now installed genkernel 3.3.3 and gentoo-sources-2.6.12-r6, but i always get a problem with the initrd.
now the error message is

.: 8: Can't open /etc/startup.conf
Kernel panic- not syncing: Attempted to kill init!

does anyone have an idea how to solve that? How can i mount the initrd, because i can't mount it with -o loop.

Thanks for helping
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caruso
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PostPosted: Mon Aug 01, 2005 9:51 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

First of all check if file exist then check permission to this file. Configure your kernel to include loop service and next recompile it. I'm too noob but it may help you...
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padhead
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PostPosted: Mon Aug 01, 2005 7:39 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i checked all my installations and i have never seen a file like startup.conf. what do i need it for? i think this was generated by genkernel, but i don't know why. any idea?
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 02, 2005 9:41 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

finally with genkernel 3.3.5 i could create the livecd. thanks for help.
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rseku
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 04, 2005 10:56 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I followed excactly what was said since begining of this discussion.
However in my case nothing works.
Basicaly when I reboot I go to grub shell.
then I type exactly what was written in grub.conf and it starts up.
Strange is it!
The boot process is :
first info stage2 loading ....
go to shell
when I type manually kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.30 root=/dev/ram0 rw init=/linuxrc cdroot
and initrd /boot/initrd
the system kicks me out to shell after starting linuxrc ( what I fugure out from messages;ramdisk loads, root system detects as ext2; and shell)
when I type manually like in linuxrc everything start up

when I put init=/bin/sh
the system cannot start the shell because of cdroot parameter (already dicussed but not solved
on these groups)

What could be wrong?
Is there way to debug?
maybe it's because I use cd-rw
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gieltje
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PostPosted: Sat Aug 06, 2005 6:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

rseku wrote:
I followed excactly what was said since begining of this discussion.
However in my case nothing works.
Basicaly when I reboot I go to grub shell.
then I type exactly what was written in grub.conf and it starts up.
Strange is it!
The boot process is :
first info stage2 loading ....
go to shell
when I type manually kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.4.30 root=/dev/ram0 rw init=/linuxrc cdroot
and initrd /boot/initrd
the system kicks me out to shell after starting linuxrc ( what I fugure out from messages;ramdisk loads, root system detects as ext2; and shell)
when I type manually like in linuxrc everything start up

when I put init=/bin/sh
the system cannot start the shell because of cdroot parameter (already dicussed but not solved
on these groups)

What could be wrong?
Is there way to debug?
maybe it's because I use cd-rw


it is not the cd-rw, remove the menu.lst symlink and rename grub.conf to menu.lst and see.....
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padhead
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 11, 2005 8:27 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

one suggestion: i had problems with xkb because i wanted that mkxf86config makes the config, but that then i can change the keyboard language from us to another language. so i had to do this:

mount -t tmpfs tmpfs /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/xkb/compiled

and now everything works. i did it in my fstab and now it mounts on startup.
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 12, 2005 3:45 am    Post subject: Invalid loop location Reply with quote

I have one I've been trying to figure out for several days. I have been using the genkernel method from the wiki. When booting my livecd, I get kernel output which seems OK. I then get:

Code:

>>loading modules
...sata, usb, ieee1394, etc loads OK. (I have abridged this as it's too much to write down)

>> Activating udev
>> Making tmpfs for /newroot
>> Attempting to mount CD:-/dev/cdroms/cdrom0
>> CD medium found on /dev/cdroms/cdrom0
>> Determining root device...
>> Determining loop type...

!! Invalid loop location: /livecd.squashfs
!! Please export LOOP with a valid location, or reboot and pass a proper loop=...
!! kernel command line!


Booting halts and I get a Busy Box ash prompt:
Code:
/bin/ash: can't access tty; job control turned off

/newroot #

If I type "exit" at the ash prompt, booting continues:
Code:

>> Mounting squashfs filesystem
>> Copying read-write image contents to tmpfs
>> No cdupdate.sh script found, skipping...
>> Booting (initramfs)...

Init version 2.86 booting


I am assuming that where the booting stops is where the root is supposed to pivot. In any case I can't seem to figure out why booting stops at this point or what I need to do to fix it.

Thanks,
Jason
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padhead
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 12, 2005 8:44 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

did you check if you have a right grub commandline?
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jkomar
Apprentice
Apprentice


Joined: 24 Sep 2004
Posts: 192
Location: Calgary, Canada

PostPosted: Fri Aug 12, 2005 3:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

padhead wrote:
did you check if you have a right grub commandline?


I have triple-checked my menu.lst file and it matches the one on the wiki (with the exception of the kernel name and the initrd name being changed to match mine).

Thanks,
Jason
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