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uzibear
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Joined: 17 Mar 2005
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PostPosted: Mon May 02, 2005 11:58 pm    Post subject: suggest partitioning scheme Reply with quote

IBM thinkpad T21 2647-87U
PIII 800mhz w/ speed step
512mb pc100 ram (2x256mb)
samsung 80gb 5400rpm hdd

the reason for an 80gb hdd is so i can store all my music on it in FLAC. i wonder if i should consider a /home partition?

otherwise i'd just do

54mb boot
1024mb swap
rest /

no windows. just gentoo.
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shade266
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 12:36 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I personally would consider an additional /home partition to keep the multimedia files and what not separate. I experienced a loss of nearly 200 media files in the past and didn't like the time it took to recover them and reorganize.
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DislexiK
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 7:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

While it does depend on your preferences and what it is you're going to be doing I tend to follow this setup:

/boot - In the future you may wish to play with different kernels, so a decent size of 51 - 102MB is usually fine. I would suggest 102MB
/ - This is where all your applications and root system files will be, if you plan on installing a lot then keep this large
/home - Have /home separate from the / partition because if you need to re-install Gentoo or install any other distribution you need not to loose all your data saved on /home
/tmp - Standard practice to separated /tmp from / for size reasons and IIRC corruption in files
/var - Same applies here, size restrictions. Remember that portage compiles in /var (tmp files in /etc/var) and depending on the applications you plan on compiling var should be off a good size, 3GB if compiling KDE.
SWAP - Double RAM (Standard practice)

Hope this helps
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Jake
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 8:10 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I like to have partitions for swap, /boot, /, /home, and sometimes more.

swap size depends on how much RAM I have and what I plan on using the machine for. If I never expect to need the swap, I'll give it half the RAM size or less. If I know I'll be using it heavily, I might have as much as four times the RAM size. Of course I should buy more RAM instead, but I'm cheap.

/boot usually gets about 15Mb. It's plenty of space for the GRUB stages and a few kernel images, but I only compile in what I need, and most of that ends up being modules. My current bzImage is 1.4Mb, but I have about 3Mb of modules excluding the nVidia driver.

/ gets 4Gb or so, but I configure portage to compile and store distfiles on /home in case I forget to clean out /var/tmp/portage or /usr/portage/distfiles. If you use ext3, greater separation allows 1k blocks for /usr/portage and other heirarchies with small files, sometimes cutting disk space in half for those heirarchies.

The rest of the space generally ends up as /home, isolating my personal files for OS-related stuff. I find this isolation helps when restoring from backups or reinstalling. It also allows me to switch my / filesystem without needing a boot CD.
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bet1m
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 11:34 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

/boot - 30MB
swap - 512MB
/ - rest ;)
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vblanton
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 8:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It would most probably be a wise choice to have a seperate partition for /home. Also, like a few others said, swap should generally be double your ram amount.
Y
As for the rest, if your new to linux then having the rest be on / is fine. You may want to seperate /boot as well. It's your choice.
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uzibear
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 9:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

thank you all very much. i see the point of the /home partition

question: what exactly IS a swap partition??? does it work like RAM? (of course slower etc.)??????????
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vblanton
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 9:51 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The swap partition is a space on your harddrive which is used by programs to place temporary files / data. One example would be when using the GIMP, a image manipulation program. Or when using Photoshop, another image manipulation program. While working on your images the program will store any undo's and other temporary information while running the particular program. Sometimes it's not worth storing this information in ram, so it uses space designated on your harddrive. This is called the swap. Having a swap is not necessary and my programs don't often use it but it is always good to have just in case.

Hope that helps.

-vladislav
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Deathwing00
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PostPosted: Tue May 03, 2005 11:01 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Please, use the following thread: https://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-188770.html
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